Kawasaki Factory Auto Racing

Kawasaki Race Car
Do you remember the Kawasaki race car? No, I didn’t either. Kawasaki makes powersports products, … motorcycles, personal watercraft, ATVs, they make small engines and power products, industrial equipment, too, … but when did they ever build a race car?

Kawasaki’s Early Years
Few seem to know very much about Kawasaki’s early years in the States. Entering the U.S. in the mid sixties, they were looking for a way to make a profit on the motorcycles they were already building in Japan. They started with a very small core of American employees, only four or five to begin, to build up a dealer base in the U.S. and to give a little guidance to Kawasaki on potential models for this new market. One of those first employees was Darrel Krause. Darrel commissioned an early marketing plan in 1966, went on to set two AMA speed records at Bonneville in 1967 on a Kawasaki 250 and managed their early racing teams in the U.S., too. His many contributions to Kawasaki continued, one of which was to help set up the engine division in Minneapolis around 1970.

Kawasaki Powered Racers
Kawasaki’s small engine division was doing alright making engines for Arctic Cat snowmobiles, which were being successfully raced, but they wanted to expand further. In 1972, as a way to gain positive exposure for their engines, while generating a bit of new demand, they came up with the idea of using these engines in a race car for a whole new special race series, sort of a summer continuation of the winter snowmobile racing. Darrel hired a racer and car builder by the name of Harvey Aschenbrenner to build a car using Kawasaki’s 440cc two stroke two cylinder snowmobile engine. The design concept they had in mind was along the lines of a mini version of the Can Am racers which were very popular in those years. There was a snowmobile show coming up in just over 3 months and they wanted a show car, using the engine, ready for display. When Harvey was told what they wanted, he sketched a “blueprint” on the back of a time card, showed Darrel the sketch and got an immediate go ahead.

Harvey Aschenbrenner Builds a Race Car
Harvey built the car the old fashioned (pre computer) way. You made a sketch, roughed out the measurements, got some metal and went to work. He built an aluminum monocoque tub with square tubing for the sub frames. He preferred round tubing but square was what he was told to use so square it was. The aluminum sheeting was bent over the edge of the workbench. A small machine shop down the street made hubs and spindles while the local salvage yard sourced the rack and pinion steering and other minor parts. Harvey then built wooden bulkheads and constructed the foam plug for the fiberglass body which was laid up and finished by a local fiberglass company.

Though Kawasaki had both a 3 cylinder 650cc engine and a 4 cylinder 800cc engine at the time, they wanted to use the 440cc racing engine. The transmission they had available was from an early motorcycle so Harvey came up with a way of adapting it to the engine and also figured out a gear ratio to take into account the 13 inch wheels with Firestone tires being used on the car. It was quite a guessing game since the bike contributing the transmission had taller wheels plus a four stroke engine with power starting down low while the car was a two stroke, power beginning up around 8000rpm.

First Time Out and First Photos
Kawasaki Race Car
Amazingly enough, everything came together and with about a week before the snowmobile show, Darrel lined up some track time at Elco Speedway for a photo session and shakedown run. Out on the track, they found the gearing was way off but managed to get the car going anyway and Harvey got up to speed. After a couple of laps the car broke loose, he did a 360 and the engine died. The photographer ran over and said not to move the car because it was right in front of the Kawasaki sign and that’s where the top color photo you see above was shot.

Click on these thumbnails for full size:

Kawasaki Race Car Kawasaki Race Car Kawasaki Race Car

After the snowmobile show that weekend, where the racer generated a lot of interest, they removed the transmission and replaced it with an axle clutch that would engage at 7000rpm trying to compensate for the badly misgeared original drive system. After a bit of tinkering and practice laps, Harvey clocked a lap of 14.56 seconds on the third mile oval against a track record of 14.54. Not bad at all!

They went back to the shop where Harvey tore the drivetrain down to install a torque converter to fix their power problems once and for all but just after everything was completely disassembled, Kawasaki told him he had to have the car at Laguna Seca for a demo run during the upcoming motorcycle races in two weeks. It was a five day drive from Minneapolis so they had just one week to build and test a new drive system and construct a trailer and paint it. It turns out, there wasn’t time to test.

Laguna Seca
The demo didn’t go well. Firing up the engine they immediately blew a piston and had a replacement flown in for the next day. They got the engine running but the new drive system had not been set up at all and after two 50mph laps they trailered the car and went home. Harvey felt the day had been a complete disaster.

Almost …
Photographs from the track, though, had generated a lot of interest because back in Minneapolis they began getting a lot of calls. They decided to build more of the cars so Harvey began building more chassis parts. They prepared to move ahead with a partner who promised to machine a number of castings while Harvey went to Florida for some engine testing, but when Harvey returned six weeks later, nothing had been done. At the same time, Kawasaki had more projects in the works and Darrel, who was moving to California asked Harvey to move out too, which he did. The race car project was left hanging and in the hands of the partner, and, though there were a few attempts to revive it, never quite got back in gear after a very promising start.

Harvey lost track of that original prototype and Kawasaki’s official factory auto racing effort faded into history. It makes a person wonder where that racing series might have gone, if only …

Conclusions
Compared to today’s efforts where a car builder in his home garage has advanced computer design software at his disposal, this was the essence of amateur construction. Considering this was a factory backed project where building was done primarily by one person with limited tooling, it shows not only how far we’ve come in terms of “factory projects” but what an incredible individual effort the Kawasaki race car really was. My hat is off to Kawasaki and Harvey Aschenbrenner for getting this car on the track at all.

   
My thanks to Jeff Krause, son of Darrel Krause for bringing this forgotten racer to my attention.

Many Thanks to Harvey Aschenbrenner for filling in the details of the Kawasaki race car project and providing these photos.

Harvey has also written a book, Running on the Edge, detailing his career as a race car driver and builder, a very interesting story written from the perspective of a hands on builder and racer “who was there.”

UPDATE: The body has been found.

See also: Motorcycle Powered Cars

Comments

  1. Phillip Goode says

    So this race car was the namesake, or vice-versa, of the mid sixty’s Kawasaki 238 cc “Green Streak” motorcrosser? Mean torgue band at top of RPM range.

  2. jerry knapp says

    I stumbled onto this site by accident, it is most invigorating to say the least. Makes me want to go to the shop and tinker. I have you in my favorites list i will be back. Thank you jerry k

  3. says

    found a plug for this story on vintagesleds.com and was impressed with this story. has anyone researched to what happened to the cars and motors? my brother and i are racing the kawasaki powered arctic cat snowmobiles in the vintage masters sno-pro series in minnesota and wisconson. we race the 295cc thru the 650 cc engines and we would be interested in finding out more about whether the motors were a 72 style t-1 series or a 73 style t-7 or t-8 motor. also maybe talking with someone that was involed with this project .thanks for the story, mike in alaska…arctic cats forever…

  4. Rev says

    I’ve always wanted to build a small 2 stroke car for race or street. I’ve been around motorcycles my whole life (my family owns a bike dealership) and particularly Kawasakis. I never knew this is the way they got their start here in the states. Interesting stuff. Good find.

  5. Black_Delorean says

    This is the way to go with mini sized supercars.
    It’s just too bad Kawasaki dropped out this project as today it would be a really serious thing.
    Long live the motorcycle engine powered supercars!

  6. says

    I can answer Mike Smiths question: From the pictures and the timeline it appears the engine is the original Kawasaki T1A-FA or RS series of either 1971 or 1972. In the close up shots, it’s a single plug head engine. The 1973 to 1975 T7 series has twin spark plug heads and a unique fin pattern. I can’t see the engine tag color, but the 71’s used black font and the 72’s are called the “RED TAG” because of the red font. If it was a 71 engine, the model number would be T1A440FA or similar and the ’72 would be T1A 440 RS1A or similar. The 71 was about 50hp in stock race trim and the ’72 was about 60hp, give or take. They made a lot of porting changes between the ’71 and ’72 to get the RPM’s up and as always, MORE POWER. For you younger Kawasaki Motorcycle fans, you might want to smile about the 1972 EXT racing record. The sled was so successful in oval racing that the largest racing organization of the day, the USSA, tried it’s darndest to get it banned. But that’s another long story……

  7. jim robbins says

    great site , my parents had a kawasaki shop
    1966-1978 they had a customer biuld a car
    with two kawasaki h2-750cc engines
    also did anyone notice the transmisson on the
    kawasaki it’s a w1 kawasaki 650

  8. Mike K says

    I Do know where the body is – and yeah, what’s it worth? It’s in fair shape for the storage rash it’s seen. Colors as original. A few larger cracks a few minor cracks, the side panel dzus holes need renewing, but no black rot. Plexi windscreen in pieces, but enough to resurrect original shape. No wing. Expansion chamber mount still in place. “powered by Kawasaki” no longer on the back, just a faded sticker set “RICE” and some faded ’70s pin striping
    wanna own your own history now?

  9. Steve J. says

    4-3-09….I now own this body and have it in the SoCal area. Anyone who has knowledge as to the whereabouts of the chassis, etc., (if it’s still out there), please let me know! I would like to restore the car to original. Thanks